Source Information

Ancestry.com. Puerto Rico, Social and Population Schedules, 1935-1936 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.
Original data:

Social and Population Schedules of the 1935 Special Census of Puerto Rico, compiled 1935–1936. Microfilm publication M1881, 88 rolls. ARC ID: 2791195. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790–2007, Record Group 29. National Archives at Washington, D.C.

About Puerto Rico, Social and Population Schedules, 1935-1936

Historical Background

Following the Spanish-American War of 1898, Spain ceded Puerto Rico to the United States. On December 1, 1935, the census in this database was taken, although the compilation of the census carried into 1936. This database includes both an index and images of the census schedules. The records are in Spanish.

What You Can Find in the Records

Enumerators recorded the following details:

  • Municipalidad (municipality)
  • Barrio (district)
  • Nombre de la institución (name of institution)
  • Ciudad o pueblo (city or town)
  • Enumerado por mi este dia (enumeration date)
  • Lugar de residencia (place of residence)
  • Nombre (name)
  • Parentesco de esta persona con el jefe de la familia (relationship to the head of the family)
  • Sexo (sex)
  • Color (color)
  • Edad (age)
  • Condición matrimonial (marital status)
  • Natividad (nativity)
  • Ciudadanía (citizenship)
  • Ocupación e industria (occupation and industry)

Beyond 1935
Puerto Rico was also counted in the 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 U.S. Federal Censuses. In 1900, only U.S. armed forces in Puerto Rico were included.