Source Information

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Ancestry.com. Czechoslovakia, Selected Jewish Holocaust Records, 1939-1941 (USHMM) [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.

This collection was indexed by World Memory Project contributors from the digitized holdings of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, RG-48.013M: Czech Ministry of the Interior (Fond JAF 1075). For more information about this collection, click on the collection title above to access the USHMM’s catalog record, or email worldmemoryproject@ushmm.org.

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About Czechoslovakia, Selected Jewish Holocaust Records, 1939-1941 (USHMM)

This collection contains records generated by German occupational institutions (Reichsprotektorat Böhmen und Mähren) and Czech auxiliary agencies dealing with matters of internal security and racial policy, especially anti-Jewish measures. It contains name lists of Jewish doctors and professors, as well as police correspondence and questionnaires. The records are in German and in Czech. The original documents are held by the National Archives in Prague.

Historical Background

Prior to World War II, approximately 357,000 people in the Czechoslovak Republic identified themselves as Jews according to the 1930 census. At the war’s end, the Germans and their collaborators killed approximately 263,000 Jews. Many Czech Jews were first sent to Terezin, referred to as Theresienstadt by the Germans, which served as a transit camp. From there, the vast majority were deported to killing sites in the Baltic States and Poland, including Auschwitz.

Ordering Records

Additional details about these victims may be included in the original records. While the index is freely accessible from Ancestry.com, the images of these records are not available in this database. Copies of the images can be ordered at no cost from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Click here for ordering information.