Source Information

Ancestry.com. The rise of the Jewish community of New York, 1654-1860 [database on-line]. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005.
Original data: Grinstein, Hyman Bogomolny,. The rise of the Jewish community of New York, 1654-1860. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1947, c1945.