Source Information

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Ancestry.com. Poland, Łódż Ghetto ID Card Registrations, 1939-1944 (USHMM) [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015.

This collection was indexed by World Memory Project contributors from the digitized holdings of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, RG-15.083M. Przełożony Starszeństwa Żydow w Getcie Łódzkim. For more information about this collection, click on the collection title above to access the USHMM’s catalog record, or email worldmemoryproject@ushmm.org.

The World Memory Project is part of the Ancestry.com World Archives Project - a community collaborative effort that allows thousands of people around the world to help preserve history that would otherwise be lost. Click here to see additional World Memory Project collections.

Original data:

Przełożony Starszeństwa Żydow w Getcie Łódzkim [German: Der Aelteste der Juden vom Litzmannstadt-Getto; English: The Eldest of the Jews in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939–1944]. Series RG-15.083M, Reels 217–250. Record Group 15: Poland. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C.

About Poland, Łódż Ghetto ID Card Registrations, 1939-1944 (USHMM)

This collection contains various records including extracts from birth and marriage registers, information cards, registers of hours worked, registration cards, and protocol forms for those without ID cards. The records are in German. The original records are held by the Polish State Archives in Lódz.

Historical Background

Prior to the German invasion of Poland, Lódz had a large Jewish population, estimated at around 223,000 of the 665,000 residents of the city. The Lódz ghetto was established in February of 1940, and by May it was sealed, with residents not allowed out and outsiders not allowed in.

Leadership of the ghetto was put into the hands of Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski, who believed that the ghetto’s productivity provided its best chance at salvation. Workers labored for food rations that were based on their occupation.

Details that can be found in the index include:

  • surname
  • maiden name
  • gender
  • birth date
  • deportation date
  • age
  • profession
  • current and former addresses
  • card number

When the Russians liberated the Lódz ghetto, there were only 877 survivors left. The vast majority had died from the harsh conditions or were sent to the killing center at Chelmno or, in the ghetto’s final days, to the extermination camp at Auschwitz.

Ordering Records

Additional details about these victims may be included in the original records. While the index is freely accessible from Ancestry.com, the images of these records are not available in this database. Copies of the images can be ordered at no cost from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Click here for ordering information.